Saee Safa And Marwah
Saee Safa And Marwah: Umrah is a dream of the Muslims, which is also known as the Mini Pilgrimage in Islam. There are no hard and fast rules about the performance of the Umrah, yet the Muslims feel themselves as blessed when they perform the rituals of the Umrah and visit the Holy House of The Allah. Each of the ritual, while performing the Umrah is full of holy spirit and have a great value not only in sanctity but also historically.
There is always some background behind the each act of Islamic obligation. In the same way the most sacred rituals of the Hajj and the Umrah have also some background and the antiquity which made them compulsive for us to do. The Umrah is a combination of Ahram, Tawaaf, Saee and the shaving or trimming of the head. These are also the part and parcel of the Hajj as well. The Safa and Marwah are the names of two hillocks near the Holy Mosque in Makka. To run between these two Mounts was among the rites which they had taught Abraham in connection with the Hajj. Later, when Pagan Ignorance prevailed in the Makkah and the neighboring regions, altars were built for Isaf at Safa and for Nailah at Marwah, and people began to encompass them. It is best that one should perform this ritual obligation with wholehearted devotion. But if devotion is lacking one is not thereby exempt from fulfilling the obligation. One must perform this ritual if only out of a sense of duty.
After the advent of the Prophet PBUH, when the light of Islam had spread to the people of Arabia, Muslims came to doubt whether running between Safa and Marwah was one of the original rites of the Pilgrimage or was merely an innovation in the religion of the Age of Ignorance. They feared, that if it is so, they might be committing an act of polytheism. The Saee, the seven rounds from Safa to Marwah, are the important part of the Umrah. There is a historical prospective for making this an obligation for the Muslims. As mentioned in the Quran:
Indeed Safa and Marwah are among the emblems of Allah: it is, therefore, no sin for him, who performs Hajj or the Umrah to the House of AIIah, to run between the two hills; and Allah knows and appreciates him who does any good with a willing heart. *177-159
Moreover, we learn from a Tradition transmitted from Aishah (A.S) that even in pre-Islamic times the people of Madina were not favorably disposed to this practice. It seemed necessary to tell people that running between these two Mounts was part of the original rites of the Pilgrimage and that the sanctity, of Safa and Marwah, far from being an invidious innovation of the people of the Age of Ignorance, stemmed from the revealed Law of the Allah. The Saee became obligatory by the Almighty, to remind the act of assiduity of the Hajra R.A, when she ran between these two mounts for the thirst of her infant Ismail A.S, and calls the Allah to help her out. At the time, the Almighty sent an angel from the heavens and the angel cause a spring there. The water of spring was so fast that the Hajra exclaim loudly, Zamzam, which means stop flowing. Since the day, that spring is there and known as the Zamzam, which is another miracle of Allah, for the people till the doomsday.
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